Symphonies
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Creation Date: 1760/61· Instrumentation: 2 Ob Fg 2 Hr – Str · Duration: 15’ · Created as Symphony #11.
Symphony No. 107 ('A') in B flat
Although this work was long thought to be an early string quartet ('Op. 1 No.5'), its status as one of Haydn's earliest symphonies has been clear since Landon's publication of it in the 1950s. But it does seem slightly unusual in the present context, in part because of its key (it is the only 'fast-movement' work on the flat side). The opening Allegro, with a 'rocketing' upward theme, exhibits the usual bustle; it includes a relatively long and complex development section. The Andante is a beautiful, finely wrought miniature, which develops surprising variety out of its basically simple idea (note particularly the fate of the initial downward octave-leap). The triple-meter wind-up, unusually, is in 6/8 rather than 3/8, perhaps owing to its rushing semiquavers in Allegro molto (rather than quavers in Presto). In the transition and second group it becomes surprisingly complex in texture; the beginning of the recapitulation (if it is not merely under-articulated) is one of the earliest of Haydn's 'surprises' of this kind.
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I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Allegro molto
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