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Creation Date: 1757/60· Instrumentation: 2 Ob Fg 2 Hr – Str · Duration: 15’ · Created as Symphony #5.
Symphony No. 4 in D major
The opening Presto of this symphony resembles that of No. 1 (also a Presto in D) as a 'type', in its motivically driving character, and in such passages as the minor-mode interlude for violins alone. In the development, however, the impressive twofold modulating crescendo sequence and the long, suspenseful retransition are very different. But the real departure is the Andante, one of Haydn's earliest 'atmospheric' studies. It is set in the minor, the violins con sordino, and it welds three separate rhythms — freely developing melody, beginning messa di voce; sinuously syncopated, melodically active inner part; 'walking' bass — into a mood that is not easily described, but once heard is not easily forgotten. The Tempo di Menuetto finale begins with one of Haydn's earliest thematicist gestures: whereas in the Presto the violins swooped down the scale from A to D, now they sweep right back up from D to A. It is a miniature sonata form; the development, though merely a long dominant pedal, moves in its second half into the minor, on a motive that recalls the end of the Andante.
I. Presto
II. Andante
III. Tempo Di Menuetto
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Joseph Haydn
The Symphonies

Philharmonia Hungarica
Antal Dorati

33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)

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Symphonies complete

Austro-Hungarian Haydn Orchestra
Adam Fischer

33 CDs, aufgenommen 1987 bis 2001, herausgegeben 1996
Brilliant Classics

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Academy of Ancient Music
Christopher Hogwood

10 doppel- und triple-CDs
aufgenommen und herausgegeben 1990 bis 2000
Decca (Universal)

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