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Creation Date: Juni-Dez. 1761· Instrumentation: Fl 2 Ob Fg 2 Hr – Vl. rinc. Str · Duration: 24’ · Created as Symphony #18.
Symphony No. 9 in C major
It has been speculated that this symphony might have originated as an overture: it is in three movements and concludes with a minuet, rather than a fast finale; the noisy Allegro molto is unusually short and in the unusual metre of 2/4; and in some respects it resembles the overture to Haydn's 'Festa teatrale'
Acide (also from 1762). On the other hand, none of Haydn's other three-movement symphonies ending with a minuet (Nos. 18, 26 and 30) began life as an overture; certain other early symphony first movements in C are noisy, compact, and in 2/4; and, in distinction to Haydn's actual overtures, all three movements of this work have internal repeats.
The Allegro molto eschews strongly profiled themes in favour of three-chord 'ham-merstrokes', wind fanfares, constant bustle and rhyhmic surprise. The Andante, also in 2/4, invokes the pastoral, both by the key of G major and the use of flutes, whose sweet tone dominates the sound-world of this movement. Although the minuet is vaguely galant in style, it manipulates the phrase rhythm in a decidedly ungalant manner. The first strain of the trio features an oboe solo over the strings; the second is for the entire wind band alone.
I. Allegro
II. Andante
III. Menuetto e Trio
IV. Finale, Allegro
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Joseph Haydn
The Symphonies

Philharmonia Hungarica
Antal Dorati

33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)

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Symphonies complete

Austro-Hungarian Haydn Orchestra
Adam Fischer

33 CDs, aufgenommen 1987 bis 2001, herausgegeben 1996
Brilliant Classics

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Academy of Ancient Music
Christopher Hogwood

10 doppel- und triple-CDs
aufgenommen und herausgegeben 1990 bis 2000
Decca (Universal)

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