Symphonies
icon   SYMPHONY NR.76 IN E-FLAT-MAJOR   info

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Creation Date: 1782 ?· Instrumentation: Fl 2 Ob 2 Fg 2 Hr – Str · Duration: 19’ · Created as Symphony #80.
Hob.I:76 Symphony in E-Flat Major
Symphony No. 76, the first of the trio, which like No. 74 is in E-flat major, contains numerous details which are sure to have delighted both the connoisseur as well as the fan: in the first movement, which is marked by the “drive” of the rolling unison phrases in the strings, the secondary theme sounds “premature” at first, that is, like a consequent in the repetition of the principal theme. At the analogue location in the reprise this is corrected by another contrapuntal “sequence.” Consisting of five parts based on the A-B-A’-C-A”-(Coda) model, the second movement lives entirely from its polarisation between the graceful “A” parts (with their economic use of elements of variation) and the highly animated minor-key episodes in “B” and “C.” The third movement is dominated by a contrast as well: while the minuet is entirely commensurate with “aristocratic taste” – the French spelling “menuet” in the score implies this – the trio melody (in accordance with the terminology of the time) is “German”: thirty years later people will say “Ländler” (rural dance) or already “waltz.” Untypical of Haydn, the finale is a fully executed principal sonata theme in a leisurely tempo: it rises and falls with its ornamental principal theme, which is characterised by numerous grace notes which on the surface lend the movement a playful airiness. The allure is all the greater when in the development the listener is repeatedly confronted with unexpected turns of phrase.
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I. Allegro
II. Adagio, Ma Non Troppo
III. Menuetto
IV. Finale, Allegro, Ma Non Troppo
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