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Creation Date: -20. Nov. ? 1784· Instrumentation: Fl 2 Ob 2 Fg 2 Hr – Str · Duration: 25’ · Created as Symphony #83.
Hob.I:79 Symphony in F Major
This symphony is the first of a group of three symphonies (Nos. 79-81) which were composed in 1783/84 and were published by Torricella and Artaria in Vienna in 1785. The occasion of their origin is unknown. Haydn shows himself to be a very skilled expert at composition who, in addition to his ample responsibilities at the Esterhàzy court (and especially as kapellmeister during this period), knows how to satisfy the demand on the international market. The first movement of No. 79 is a conventional sonata movement in which a considerable portion of the development is only “added in” after the onset of the reprise. The second movement is peculiar, consisting of two halves which – except for the key – appear to have absolutely nothing to do with one another: a graceful slow movement and a subsequent short kehraus in allegro leaving the audience in doubt as to whether a finale has been heard. The “actual” finale, which is played after the minuet, is more extensive, a nested rondo form into which developmental elements of the sonata form are also merged.
I. Allegro con spirito
II. Adagio cantabile
III. Menuetto e Trio, Allegretto
IV. Finale, Vivace
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