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Creation Date: 1791· Instrumentation: Fl 2 Ob 2 Fg – 2 Hr 2 Trp – Pk – Str · Duration: 22’ · Created as Symphony #95.
Hob.I:95 Symphony in C Minor
Composed in London in 1791 and performed for the first time in the same season as the Salomon Concerts, the C minor symphony (No. 95) is in many ways strikingly different from the usual framework of the London Symphonies: it is the only piece in a minor key (there are also just two forerunners in this key in Haydn’s body of symphonic work: No. 52, a work of the so-called Sturm and Drang period, and No. 78) and the only one of the London Symphonies that does not begin with a slow introduction. Due to its basic style expressed with the defiant unison statement at the beginning, it was long one of the least popular of the series. A clear indication for the fact that Salomon’s trio arrangement of this symphony for the piano sold the least. Nonetheless, it is consummate with respect to its composition and “inner beauty” so that today’s concert activity is rightly rediscovering it. The most remarkable movement of this composition is probably the finale, in which the usual rondo form is most elaborately permeated with contrapuntal elements. Here the influence of the finale in Mozart’s Jupiter Symphony is very clearly noticeable.
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante
III. Menuet - Trio
IV. Finale. Vivace
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