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Creation Date: London 3./4. Mai 1792· Instrumentation: 2 Fl 2 Ob 2 Fg – 2 Hr 2 Trp – Pk – Str · Duration: 25’ · Created as Symphony #99.
Hob.I:97 Symphony in C Major
Symphony No. 97 originated in 1792 and was performed for the first time on 3 or 4 May of the same year at the Salomon Concerts. It is the last of the symphonies composed for Haydn’s first stay in London (1791/92) and moreover Haydn’s final symphony in the solid key of C major. In the first movement the thematic link of the slow introduction with the final group of the main vivace segment and the baroque trio technique demonstrate the multifaceted use of various compositional methods which serve the overall symphonic form together with the structure. The second movement is in the free-form of variation. In the third variation Haydn uses an instrumentation effect: he has the violins play al ponticello, that is, with the bow near the bridge, which produces a hard metallic tone (this instruction was lost in most of the usual German print editions, however). In the trio of the minuet, which is played entirely in piano and as a result forms a sharp contrast to the minuet section, there is an Alpine yodel effect and a peculiar part for the solo violins (which was certainly meant for concert director Johann Peter Salomon) in the high register. Here as well the fourth movement is formally a sonata rondo, a combination of rondo and the form of a sonata movement.
I. Adagio-Vivace
II. Adagio ma non troppo
III. Menuetto e Trio, Allegretto
IV. Finale, Presto assai
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