Symphonies
On the Chronology of Symphonies Based on Hoboken

There will probably never be a precise and flawless chronology of Haydn’s symphonies. Yet there were – and are – continuous attempts to find a series which at least approximates the historic sequence.
Among the oldest sources for this are the “Entwurf Katalog” (ca. 1765) and the “Haydn Verzeichnis” (1805), which originate partly from Haydn’s own hand or were revised by him. Unfortunately, a categorisation of the works according to their origin was hardly a priority for him. It seems he was only interested in the completeness of the indexes. This circumstance as well as the fact that Haydn often dated his handwritten works (to the extent they still exist) using only the year have led to difficulties in determining the exact sequence (quite apart from the self-conception of publishers and collectors at that time who numbered works in accordance with their own needs).

Thus scholarship is not seldom left with meticulous studies of the paper used for notation, the musician’s list of personnel, the earliest transcriptions and naturally stylistic commentaries, etc., as aids for an – approximate - determination of the date of origin of many of Haydn’s works.

An important attempt was undertaken to come up with a universally valid notation system by Eusebius Mandyczewski in his first complete critical edition published in 1908 by Breitkopf und Härtel. Anthony van Hoboken largely adopted this numbering system for his index of symphonies which appeared in 1957, after he made several additions. And in many cases he already took into account the studies by H. C. Robbins Landon, who had developed a chronology himself. Landon’s Chronicle did not appear before 1976, 1978 and 1980, however, and deviates considerably from the sequence of Mandyczewski and Hoboken.

There are many other attempts by other scholars who have conducted comprehensive (or detailed) research on Haydn’s work such as Georg Feder, Stephen Fisher, Jens Peter Larsen, Horst Walter and the Joseph Haydn Institute in Cologne (which has been working on a chronological complete edition since 1960). James Webster has compiled a “classification of symphonies in periods,” for example.

Attention should also be directed to the work Joseph Haydns Sinfonien bis 1774 – Studien zur Chronologie (published in 1996) by Sonja Gerlach. She had already addressed the issue of chronology in several publications of the Joseph Haydn Institute in Cologne.

Nevertheless, the numbering of Haydn’s works in the Hoboken catalogue remains valid today. With respect to the impossibility of a flawless chronology mentioned at the start, this index – despite any imprecision explainable due the state of the research at that time – can be credited with having created an “order” which facilitates the “identification” of Haydn’s works worldwide.

The retention of Hoboken’s numbering system in the repertoire and practice thus prevents Haydn’s extensive body of work from the hopeless chaos which would set in if his works were assigned new “more correct” numbering systems every few years. (Anton Gabmayer)
X
HobokenNew Chronology
Hoboken after Hob.I:New ChronologyCreation DateNew ChronologyHobokenCreation Date
1 11757 1 11757
2 41757/59 2 371757/58
3 17June-Dec. 1761 3 181757/59
4 51757/60 4 21757/59
5 141760/61 5 41757/60
6 "Le matin"18June-Dec. 1761 6 271757/60
7 "Le midi"19June-Dec. 1761 7 101758/60
8 "Le soir"20June-Dec. 1761 8 201758/60
9 23(Spring) 1762 9 171760/61
10 71758/60 10 191760/61
11 131760/61 11 "A"1071760/61
12 26(Spring) 1763 12 251760/61
13 31Aug.-Dec. 1763 13 111760/61
14 251762 14 51760/61
15 16June-Dec. 1761 15 321760/61
16 28(Spring) 1763 16 15June-Dec. 1761
17 91760/61 17 3June-Dec. 1761
18 31757/59 18 "Le matin"6June-Dec. 1761
19 101760/61 19 "Le midi"7June-Dec. 1761
20 81758/60 20 "Le soir"8June-Dec. 1761
21 342nd Half of 1764 21 361761 until Spring 1762
22 "Der Philosoph"331764 22 331761 until Spring 1762
23 321st Half of 1764 23 9(Spring) 1762
24 352nd Half of 1764 24 "B"1081762
25 121760/61 25 141762
26 "Lamentatione"461768 26 12(Spring) 1763
27 61757/60 27 40Beginning of 1763
28 40End 1765 (Turn 1765/66) 28 16(Spring) 1763
29 391765 29 34(Mid) 1763
30 "Alleluja"36Spring 1765 30 72Aug.-Dec. 1763
31 "mit dem Hornsignal"37May-Sept. 1765 31 13Aug.-Dec. 1763
32 151760/61 32 231st Half of 1764
33 221761 until Spring 1762 33 "Der Philosoph"221764
34 29(Mid) 1763 34 212nd Half of 1764
35 431.12.1767 35 242nd Half of 1764
36 211761 until Spring 1762 36 "Alleluja"30Spring 1765
37 21757/58 37 "mit dem Hornsignal"31May-Sept. 1765
38 411767 38 39May-Sept. (?) 1765
39 38May-Sept. (?) 1765 39 291765
40 27Beginning of 1763 40 28End 1765 (Turn 1765/66)
41 471768 41 381767
42 53Sept.-Dec. 1771 42 58End 1767
43 "Merkur"511770/71 43 351.12.1767
44 "Trauer"501770/71 44 "Feuer"591768
45 "Abschieds"552nd Half of 1772 45 "La passione"491768
46 562nd Half of 1772 46 "Lamentatione"261768
47 54(Spring) 1772 47 411768
48 "Maria Theresia"491769 48 651769
49 "La passione"451768 49 "Maria Theresia"481769
50 591773/74 50 "Trauer"441770/71
51 57(Spring) 1773 51 "Merkur"431770/71
52 522nd Half of 1771 52 522nd Half of 1771
53 "L´imperiale", "Festino"721778/79 53 42Sept.-Dec. 1771
54 611st Half of 1774 erweit. Fass. 1774/75 od.1776 54 47(Spring) 1772
55 "Der Schulmeister"601st Half of 1774 55 "Abschieds"452nd Half of 1772
56 632nd Half of 1774 56 462nd Half of 1772
57 642nd Half of 1774 57 51(Spring) 1773
58 42End 1767 58 "Tempora mutantur"64(Autumn?) 1773
59 "Feuer"441768 59 501773/74
60 "Il distratto", "Der Zerstreute"62-1774 60 "Der Schulmeister"551st Half of 1774
61 691776 61 541st Half of 1774 erweit. Fass. 1774/75 od.1776
62 751780 62 "Il distratto", "Der Zerstreute"60-1774
63 "La Roxelane", "Roxolana"74End 1779 63 562nd Half of 1774
64 "Tempora mutantur"58(Autumn?) 1773 64 572nd Half of 1774
65 481769 65 68ca. 1774/75
66 68ca. 1774/75 66 67ca. 1774/75
67 66ca. 1774/75 67 "Laudon", "Loudon"69ca. 1774/75
68 65ca. 1774/75 68 66ca. 1774/75
69 "Laudon", "Loudon"67ca. 1774/75 69 611776
70 711778/79 70 711778/79
71 701778/79 71 701778/79
72 30Aug.-Dec. 1763 72 "L´imperiale", "Festino"531778/79
73 "La chasse"77ca. 1781 73 75End 1779
74 761780 74 "La Roxelane", "Roxolana"63End 1779
75 73End 1779 75 621780
76 801782 ? 76 741780
77 791782 ? 77 "La chasse"73ca. 1781
78 781782 ? 78 781782 ?
79 83-20. Nov. ? 1784 79 771782 ?
80 82- 8. Nov. 1784 80 761782 ?
81 81- 8. Nov. 1784 81 81- 8. Nov. 1784
82 "L´ours"891786? 82 80- 8. Nov. 1784
83 "La Poule"861785 83 79-20. Nov. ? 1784
84 871786 84 871785
85 "La reine", "La reine de France"851785? 85 "La reine", "La reine de France"851785?
86 881786 86 "La Poule"831785
87 841785 87 841786
88 901787 88 861786
89 911787 89 "L´ours"821786?
90 921788 90 881787
91 931788 91 891787
92 "Oxford"941789 92 901788
93 97London 17. Feb. 1792 93 911788
94 "Mit dem Paukenschlag", "The Surprise"98London 23. March 1792 94 "Oxford"921789
95 951791 95 951791
96 "The Miracle"961791 96 "The Miracle"961791
97 99London 3./4. May 1792 97 93London 17. Feb. 1792
98 100London 2. March 1792 98 "Mit dem Paukenschlag", "The Surprise"94London 23. March 1792
99 101London, 10. Feb. 1794 99 97London 3./4. May 1792
100 "Militär"103London, 31. March 1794 100 98London 2. March 1792
101 "Die Uhr"102London, 3. March 1794 101 99London, 10. Feb. 1794
102 104London, 2.Feb. 1795 102 "Die Uhr"101London, 3. March 1794
103 "Mit dem Paukenwirbel"105London, 2. March. 1795 103 "Militär"100London, 31. March 1794
104 "London", "Salomon"106London, 4. May. 1795 104 102London, 2.Feb. 1795
105 1071792 105 "Mit dem Paukenwirbel"103London, 2. March. 1795
106 "London", "Salomon"104London, 4. May. 1795
107 "A"111760/61 107 1051792