E flat major
Sinfonien um 1761-1765
Herausgeber: Ullrich Scheideler; Reihe I, Band 2; 2012, G. Henle Verlag München
Symphony No. 36 in E flat major
Like No. 14, this symphony gives many indications of having been composed during Haydn's first Esterhazy years. Its opening movement resembles that of No. 17: not only in its 'neutral' symphonic style, tempo, and meter but in having a similarly long, two-part development with a 'false retransition' (though the development is not as long, nor the joke as obvious, as in No. 17). The Adagio is one of Haydn's most remarkable slow movements; as noted above, it features a duet for solo violin and cello. However, this concertante music is introduced by a forceful, dotted, quasi-recitative gesture in the orchestral strings. As the movement progresses, moreover, this gesture proves to be a vital thematic element, frequently punctuating the soloists in a manner that is not merely rhetorical, but integral to the sonata-form structure.
The minuet features a jaunty dotted upbeat figure, developed in a pointed manner not frequently encountered before the Esterházy period. The trio, in the dominant, is remarkable; it not only suddenly changes from the somewhat conventional style of the first four bars to a sinuous, almost eerie, chromatic idea in bare two-part writing, but anchors this psychological move in the tonal structure by cadencing in the mediant minor, D minor a unique harmonic reflection of an aesthetic state. The second half is no less remarkable. The finale in 2/4 exhibits the obligatory breathless high spirits, with a striking tremolo piano gesture at the beginning of the second group.
Analysis of the movements
Due to the unclear time of origin of most of Haydn’s symphonies - and unlike his 13 Italian operas, where we really know the exact dates of premieres and performances - detailed and correct name lists of the orchestral musicians cannot be given. As a rough outline, his symphony works can be divided into three temporal blocks. In the first block, in the service of Count Morzin (1757-1761), in the second block, the one at the court of the Esterházys (1761-1790 but with the last symphony for the Esterház audience in 1781) and the third block, the one after Esterház (1782-1795), i.e. in Paris and London. Just for this middle block at the court of the Esterházys 1761-1781 (the last composed symphony for the Esterház audience) respectively 1790, at the end of his service at the court of Esterház we can choose Haydn’s most important musicians and “long-serving companions” and thereby extract an "all-time - all-stars orchestra".
|Flute||Franz Sigl 1761-1773|
|Flute||Zacharias Hirsch 1777-1790|
|Oboe||Michael Kapfer 1761-1769|
|Oboe||Georg Kapfer 1761-1770|
|Oboe||Anton Mayer 1782-1790|
|Oboe||Joseph Czerwenka 1784-1790|
|Bassoon||Johann Hinterberger 1761-1777|
|Bassoon||Franz Czerwenka 1784-1790|
|Bassoon||Joseph Steiner 1781-1790|
|Horn (played violin)||Franz Pauer 1770-1790|
|Horn (played violin)||Joseph Oliva 1770-1790|
|Timpani or Bassoon||Caspar Peczival 1773-1790|
|Violin||Luigi Tomasini 1761-1790|
|Violin (leader 2. Vl)||Johann Tost 1783-1788|
|Violin||Joseph Purgsteiner 1766-1790|
|Violin||Joseph Dietzl 1766-1790|
|Violin||Vito Ungricht 1777-1790|
|Violin (most Viola)||Christian Specht 1777-1790|
|Cello||Anton Kraft 1779-1790|
|Violone||Carl Schieringer 1768-1790|
33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)
Austro-Hungarian Haydn Orchestra
33 CDs, aufgenommen 1987 bis 2001, herausgegeben 1996
Academy of Ancient Music
10 Doppel- und Triple-CDs aufgenommen und herausgegeben 1990 bis 2000 Decca (Universal)
Hob.I:22 "Der Philosoph"
Hob.I:48 "Maria Theresia"
Hob.I:64 "Tempora mutantur"
Hob.I:63 "La Roxelane"
Hob.I:85 "La Reine"
Hob.I:83 "La Poule"